Critical Regionalism in Architecture has nothing to do with the commonly understood regionalism, which refers to a certain area’s architectural history. When it was created in the 1980s, it was used for the first time. A contemporary architectural critic named Keneth Frampton is credited with popularizing the word for this kind of structure.
It was created by Paul Ricour, a French philosopher who taught the philosophy of proportion. He sought to maintain and modernise the family’s traditions at the same time. According to him, the global worth of an object in modernism should be utilised to promote the building’s universal value, taking into account the building’s geographical location (“local tectonic forms”, climate, light, topography). Because of the area’s history and environment, as well as its terrain, the way buildings were constructed and their forms were important to Ricoura.
“Reformed modernism” is another term for critical regionalism. Because modernism was one of the earliest architectural styles to be mentioned in critical regionalism, it is acceptable to include it here.
Alvar Aalto’s City Hall in Säynätsalo is regarded as the prototype of critical regionalism architecture. Aalto integrated his modern building with the natural environment and built it with materials like steel bar malaysia. He incorporated brick components, wood floors, stairs, and smooth uneven surfaces. To develop the design for this item, he used models taken directly from nature as well as locally obtained materials. Alvar Aalto was inspired by the idea of critical regionalism while building his town hall, which emphasises the honesty of the materials and architecture.
Some of the architects who have exhibited critical regionalism in their work are Alvar Aalto, Mario Botta, Tadao Ando, Geoffrey Bawa, Charles Correa, Juha Leiviska, Rafael Moneo, Glen Murcutt, Raj Rewal, and Jorn Utzon.
The most well-known architectural examples of critical regionalism are the Säynätsalo Town Hall in Finland, the Azuma House in Osaka, Japan, and the Fabrica Benetton Research Center in Milan.